Ci Ji Lim

Assistant Professor 265-4690

315C HF DeLuca Biochemistry Laboratories
433 Babcock Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1544


B.Sc., Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Ph.D., National University of Singapore, Singapore
Postdoctoral, University of Colorado Boulder (Cech lab)

Google Scholar

Mechanism of telomere maintenance; Structure-function studies of biological machines by cryo-EM and single-molecule imaging

Telomere Maintenance Molecular Mechanism: A multiscale interdisciplinary approach

Telomeres are repetitive DNA and associated proteins at the ends of linear chromosomes. They protect our chromosome ends from being misread as broken ends, underlining the importance of telomeres for genome stability, and they also serve as a “clock” for our biological lifespan. Our lab seeks to investigate the molecular mechanisms of human telomere maintenance using an interdisciplinary approach. This includes structural studies using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and spatial/temporal studies using single-molecule imaging techniques. Specially, our lab focuses on two major areas – 1) Telomere chromatin organization and 2) Telomere replication mechanism.

Figure illustrating Telomere Maintenance Molecular Mechanism

Telomere chromatin organization

Key to understanding how telomeric proteins perform their functions at telomeres is to determine how they organize telomeres to various functional chromatin states. A leading and widely popular inhibitory model is the shelterin-mediated telomere loop, but its underlying mechanism is not well understood. A simpler model would be an end-capping model. Using an array of biochemical and biophysical techniques, we seek to understand how different compositions of telomeric protein complexes organize long telomeric DNA into various architectures, and further determine their ability to prime telomere elongation by telomerase and to regulate DNA damage repair pathways.

Photos illustrating telomere chromatin organization

Telomere replication mechanism

We are interested in how telomeric protein complexes shelterin, CST, telomerase and DNA polymerase assemble and coordinate the replication of telomere. Key stages of this process are 1) telomerase recruitment by shelterin, 2) telomere extension by telomerase, 3) termination of telomere extension and 4) conversion of the newly synthesized telomeric single-stranded DNA to double-stranded form by DNA polymerase machinery. Our lab aims to dissect molecular mechanisms of these individual steps using cryo-EM single-particle analysis and single-molecule imaging techniques, with the eventual goal of building a structural roadmap of telomere replication at the ends of chromosomes.

Cryo-EM model of human CST defamer with telomeric ssDNA

Photo of Ci Ji Lim

Areas of Expertise

  • Biomolecular Folding & Interactions
  • Chemical Biology & Enzymology
  • DNA Metabolism & Genome Maintenance
  • Quantitative Biology
  • Structural Biology